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Responsible Adventure Travel in Himalayas ..

Responsible adventure travel and trekking : We have whole world to explore and one Earth to save!!

Responsible travel is a new way of travelling and trekking for those who've had enough of mass tourism. It's about respecting and benefiting local people and the environment – but it's about far more than that.

If you travel for relaxation, fulfilment, discovery, adventure and to learn – rather than simply to tick off 'places and things' – then responsible travel is for you.

Responsive travelers are interested in minimizing their carbon footprint and maximizing their contribution to local inhabitants–both financially and through human and cultural exchange.

Tourism is the world's fastest growing industry. Traveling to far flung places gives us a wonderful opportunity to experience cultures that are so different from our own. But with the wondrous joy of travel comes the responsibility of ensuring that we do not adversely affect those countries that we visit. In a nutshell, Responsible Travel is about ensuring that you, as travelers, and Earthbound Expeditions, as a promoter of travel:

Respect the local culture
* do not inadvertently introduce new social ills and
* promote & practice environmental responsibility in the places that we visit and operate trek and tours in

That way, you enjoy a unique and memorable experience as well as authentic cross-cultural exchange and our local resources, cultures and customs are protected.

What we do ??
Earthbound Expeditions has been leading the way in the travel trade sector providing both leisure and adventure activities in Nepal, Tibet, Bhutan and India for more than a decade. We organize eco tours and trekking for groups as well as individual travelers and cater to all age groups. We tailor make programs and packages to suit the interest, physical fitness and budget aspect of an individual / group. Our large volume of clients is forever expanding as trekkers, travelers or rafters return with grand tales of exploration of the Himalayas, and thus take pride in our record of "repeat business" and the many referrals that we enjoy from satisfied travelers we have served. Take an adventure holiday to the Himalaya with one of the leading trekking companies, that is responsible and committed to environmental and social sustainability & make a diffirence.. !! With so many tour companies out there, why choose Earthbound Expeditions?

Our Sustainable Policy and performance:
All of Earthbound Expeditions' staff are locally employed and all our guides are, ensuring a more authentic experience for travelers, as well as sensitivity to local customs and culture. We use local products (food, vegetables, dairy products etc.). We are committed on providing services best available in the industry and make no compromise when it comes to guest's preferences. Apart from the conventional promotional campaigns, we take pride in our return business that comes through word of mouth.

Our commitment to provide prompt and quality services exceeding guest satisfaction, and continued effort in maintaining the trend has won us some prestigious titles.

Ecological and Environmental Impact:
We conduct all our treks and tours with a vigilant eye to avoid any disturbance to the local ecology or way of life. We are committed to an active participation in national and local Environmental Initiatives. We continuously strive to make sure traveling with Earthbound Expeditions Trekking in Nepal and elsewhere have minimum impact on the local environment."We have whole world to explore and one Earth to preserve"

Social and Cultural Impact:
Earthbound Expeditions believes that it is possible to operate commercially in the Eco-Tourism Sector of the industry and also preserve the natural and cultural heritage of an area through promotion of sustainable tourism. In our work, we actively promote and implement this philosophy whenever an opportunity presents. The evident success is that our Trekking tours has achieved obvious rewards in the professional and commercial sense and has positively enhanced the travel and Eco-trekking experience of the Eco Tourist. We run and affiliated with spme non government organization that is committed to providing the much needed health and education facilities to remote areas of Nepal.

Economic Impact:
We emphasize on making extensive use of the available local products and enhance maximum economic benefits to the local communities. In addition, we support rural development projects by contributing 10% of the profit generated each trading year, thereby, have directly uplifted the living standard of the local residents and contributed to the national economy of Nepal and its neighbors.

Innovative Best Practices:
Since inception, our company has been striving to open up remote areas of Nepal. We pioneered the first commercial ascents in the "wild routes" to the far West and East of Nepal( Simkot, Bajhang and Khaptad Rara area, Ganesh Himal area) and also specialized in trekking to virgin areas with formidable games and nature watching experiences that till then were inaccessible to the tourists. We strive to maintain the trend by making continuous effort in discovering interesting new destinations within the country. Furthermore, we have initiated cleaning campaigns in the nearby villages that involve a lot of local participation. The idea is to raise hygiene and environmental awareness in the villagers. Such campaigns also educate the villagers keep their villages and the surroundings neat and clean.

We also involve local communities in remote areas that we travel and trek to. An example of this is Dhading Ganesh Himal area, where we ask local communities for input into our treks and to provide homestay accommodation. Earthbound Expeditions also work closely with some NGOs undertaking independent assessments and interviews with local communities about our lodge development in Dhading are employing local ethnic minority staff there.

We are involved in a number of initiatives and are always looking to develop more. We donate thousands of rupees annually to humanitarian causes to care house / schools and were one of the travel and trekking company in Nepal to offer volunteer travel and treks. Our genuine commitment to Responsible Travel is increasingly well-known and our programs are evolving. Earthbound Expeditions many volunteer trek programs has positive contribution to the local community in promoting sustainable practices.

You can get as involved as you like in our programs and other charitable initiatives in Nepal and India. Earthbound Expeditions arrange visits to orphanages, short- and long-term volunteer placements in the community / villages, volunteer adventures, medical treks and exciting charity challenges, such as Dhading Ganesh Himal sustainable eco trek.

Our Current projects : Giving Back ....
Our volunteer and donation efforts are at the core of Earthbound Expeditions. It's what gives our tours heart and soul and what will touch yours if you decide to join us.

Since 2004, through donations from our clients, friends, families, and communties we were able to give over $4,000 to BCH and other projects (see the pictures here below).
Buddhist Bal Griha ( BCH) an Orphanage : http://www.buddhistchildhome.org.np/

Established in 1992, the BCH Orphanage provides a home for 53 children aged between few weeks to 15 years and is a 20 minute drive from Thamel. The children of BCH come from disadvantaged agricultural and other communities. In many cases the families cannot afford to raise or educate the children and are forced to abandon them. With limited assistance from the local government, the orphanage relies heavily on donations and sponsorship. Earthbound Expeditions is proud to be a leading patron for the orphanage. A monthly fund from us is now directly transferred to BCH for a nutritional program and we are working on a library and other projects.

You may be interested to learn that we just finished building school (4 rooms) in the remote village of Darkha, Dhading north of Kathmandu for 82 poor students; it was great experience to be there with villagers. The organization that contributed the fund is called www.handsinnepal.org and Earthbound Expeditions (me) coordinate whole program and put some about USD 460 as donation, plus me and my staff volunteered in many ways.
The whole project cost was about USD 8,000. You can read the whole beautiful story at http://www.handsinnepal.blogspot.com/. If you or some of your friends want to help such kind of charity that will be always welcome, we have been approached by other villagers to build the school which we will start in Dec - Jan this year.

If you would like to donate money, children's clothes and books and stationery, or even make the trip to the orphanage, we would be delighted to arrange this. Either visit for the day for a rewarding play with the children or stay longer, with a host family nearby. To generate further awareness and funding for the orphanage, Earthbound Expeditions has a community project scheme in place, where travelers can volunteer their time to assist in the orphanage. Depending on time and availability, volunteers may be involved in English language training, preparing nutritional meals, renovating bedrooms, assisting with the garden or building educational facilities and resources.
View details of our social works>>>

What you can do ???
As a traveler, you also have a role to play in continuing our efforts on your trip, which is why we have written some guidelines on Responsible Travel for you to read.

These guidelines are not intended to be overbearing but simply clear and informative. They outline the standards of behavior that we expect from everyone who participates in our trips. The guidelines exist because we are privileged to be guests in local homes and communities, plus we want to promote sustainable tourism for both the benefit of the locals and so that travelers in the future can also visit and enjoy the same experience what you ahve now!.

When you read the guidelines, you may find yourself considering issues that might never even have crossed your mind before. The area of Responsible Tourism is not black and white, it raises some ethical questions to which there are no clear answers. But with a little preparation in advance of your trip and by reading these guidelines, you can rest assured that the only impression you will leave behind after your travels is a positive one.

Guidelines for Responsible Travel / trekking

1. Cultural Issues

  • Respecting cultural differences
  • Assisting the locals in their understanding of Western culture
  • Dress standards
  • Swimming & sunbathing
  • Etiquette – the all important 'Saving Face'
  • Answering questions!
  • Photography – still & video
  • Prescription medicines
  • Drugs & alcohol

2. Social Issues

  • Relationships with people in visited communities
  • Prostitution
  • Donations & gift giving
  • Shopping & dining
  • Supporting local communities

3. The Environment

  • Environmental responsibility & waste minimisation
  • Rubbish
  • Drinking water
  • Toilet facilities
  • Energy & water conservation
  • Environmental degradation
  • Wildlife

1. Cultural Issues
Respecting Cultural Differences
Experiencing cultural diversity is one of the main reasons why we travel to far flung places and we need to make sure that these differences are respected and maintained. Things are done differently in south Asia, which is one of the reasons why it is so appealing! In general, it is essential that we respect the cultural rules in the areas that we are travelling in ( Nepal, Tibet, Bhutan and India). Please accept the differences in these areas and do not try to change them for the benefit of your own comfort. The traveller who wishes to have a happy and successful trip should keep as calm, cheerful and friendly as humanly possible. Patience and courtesy are virtues that open many doors. Demanding tourists do not get smiles, service or respect.

Assisting the Locals in their Understanding of Western Culture
The flip side of gaining cultural understanding when travelling is helping the locals to gain a greater insight into Western culture, and beyond the superficial attractions of money and wealth. Recognise that as a Westerner in many parts of south Asia you are probably richer than the locals you are meeting and you are a world traveller - something most of the locals you meet can only dream of. When dealing with locals respect that they may wish to develop economically and have access to material possessions that you take for granted. While this undoubtedly changes villages and makes it less "unspoilt" for tourists, it is something that we should respect and understand. Everyone has a right to development and a better standard of living. A role you can play is to help assist local people to gain a balanced view of development by sharing not only the advantages of your culture but also some of the negative influences that come from increased material wealth, on both the family and the community.

Dress Standards
Asian people in general, dress modestly and as a rule Earthbound Expeditions trip participants should dress as the locals do. Dress standards vary from place to place, with rural areas tending to be more conservative than the cities. In major cities, such as Kathmandu, Pokhara, Delhimini skirts and such like are becoming popular with the younger generation. You will find that the older generation frown upon this and are more conservative in their dress. For women, singlet tops, not wearing a bra and tight body hugging attire can be offensive, as well as attracting unwanted male attention!

Modest clothing goes a long way towards making a good impression with the local people. You will find them far more willing to approach you if you dress as they do. Long pants/skirts and sleeved shirts are seen as appropriate. This is not to say you cannot wear shorts, but there will be situations where they are inappropriate, especially for females. Shorts should never be too short and lycra is best left for the gym.

More formal dress codes apply for temples, monastries, mosques or any other religious sites you may visit, and to prevent the wrath of the gods as well as the locals these should be closely followed. In general, both men and women should have covered shoulders and legs, plus shoes and hats should be removed in those religious sites.

Swimming & Sunbathing
There are no areas of south Asia where nude sunbathing or swimming is acceptable, despite what other travellers might be doing. In some places Asian women will swim/bathe wearing all their clothes. If this is the case, then a good rule of thumb is to swim/bathe in a sarong or T-shirt where necessary.

Etiquette – the all important 'Saving Face'
There are a few general codes of behaviour that apply throughout the areas in which we operate.

  • Crooking your finger to call somebody is considered impolite. Asian people generally use a subtle downward waving motion to summon someone.
  • Showing affection in public is considered quite offensive - definitely no kissing! Away from the major urban centres it is extremely rare to see couples holding hands, though it is quite common to see friends of the same sex holding hands.
  • It is polite to remove your shoes before entering a house. Look for shoes at the front door as a clue and follow suit.
  • Criticism should only be used when put among praise.
  • It is inappropriate to express anger in a raised voice. Becoming angry is embarrassing to the local people with whom you are dealing - they will not be embarrassed for themselves, but for you. "Saving face" is a subtle but important standard of personal dignity. Personal candour in Asia is largely a matter of sensibility and face.

Answering questions!
The ideal demeanour for the Asian traveller is friendly and open and ever ready to answer questions like where you are going? Are you married? How old are you? how many childrens you have? You will likely be asked questions like these that in a Western society may be considered personal. While you might find such a barrage of questions disconcerting, remain patient and remember to recognise that people are just being friendly and curious. Asian people often ask what your religion is. They have a general concern that everyone has a religion, though it doesn't particularly matter which one. If you reply that you do not have a religion, you might find a look of horror on the faces of your local hosts! The same attitude extends to the area of marriage and children. If someone asks you if you are married or have children, and you are not/do not, a good response is "not yet". If you are feeling uncomfortable with such questions, try to be patient or subtly change the subject!

Bear in mind also that attitudes toward privacy differ greatly between the West and Asia. Asian people often have an interest in our books, writing or photographs, things that the Westerner considers to be 'private property.' Concepts of property, private ownership and privacy are very different for the rural Asian, who is accustomed to living and sharing in a close-knit community. Be prepared and understand that your local hosts are not being 'nosey' but politely interested.

Photography – Still & Video
Sensitivity is the key when it comes to photography. Always ask permission before taking photographs of people and respect their wishes if they refuse. Minority groups in particular are often unhappy to have their photo taken. They may think they do not look attractive (wearing their work clothes rather than festival clothes), while other groups believe that part of their spirit is taken away if they are photographed ( rural areas). There are occasions when you will meet a lot of porters carrying anything from bottles of beer to beds. Please respect that this is their job and that they may not like having their photo taken in these circumstances. Travellers should avoid paying for the right to take a photo as this has been found to encourage a begging mentality in the locals. Instead you can send back copies via your tour leader / guide or directly to the people themselves. The locals gain a great buzz from seeing themselves in photos and it encourages a 'sharing' rather than 'taking' attitude towards photography. Also in many cases the locals could never afford to take photos themselves.

While you are welcome to pack your video cameras, there are some places that we request you not to film. In some small villages, homestays and remote communities, the local people consider filming to be too intrusive and recording aspects of their private lives. In these communities we also request the utmost courtesy and discretion with still cameras. Your tour leader / guide will advise you in this regard.

Drugs & Alcohol
Earthbound Expeditions do not allow travellers to use illegal drugs while on a trip. The laws of most Asian countries carry harsh penalties for drug possession or usage, including the death penalty (??). Foreigners are not exempt from such penalties if convicted of such a crime. It is not acceptable to indulge in opium, marijuana ( except Shiva's birthday in Kathmandu) or other illegal drugs whilst on trips. Your group leader / guide has grounds for asking you to leave a trip if you are found to be using or carrying illegal drugs.

The use of alcohol also needs to be carefully considered, especially in smaller villages and tribal regions. In these areas our 'privileged' status brings with it a responsibility to promote the good in our cultures and not the excesses. Many village people cannot afford to purchase alcohol and so see our sometimes excessive consumption as a sign of affluence and elitism. For some the lure to taste that influence causes them to ignore family responsibilities and spend their income on alcohol. This is not something Earthbound Expeditions wants to be responsible for, particularly in hill tribe towns where drug addiction is already a major problem. Furthermore, out of control drunken Westerners can damage our positive relationships with locals and negatively change the group dynamics. In towns and larger urban centres where there is increased local wealth our influence has less impact and the use of alcohol has wider acceptance.

Prescription Medicines
Avoid giving Western medicines to our Asian hosts. They may not understand the medicine and the concept, say of taking tablets 3 times per day, may not be understood. Unpredicted side-effects could also be a problem. In addition, we don't want dependence on medicines to occur especially when natural and traditional treatments may be just as effective. If a local person approaches you for treatment, encourage them to seek traditional cures or assist them to the local clinic/hospital. If you are a medic, it may be better not to reveal your profession too readily, as you might find yourself with a queue of patients and be left in a dilemma.

Of course there are exceptions to this rule in the case of emergencies. If a local is seriously injured and in a potentially life threatening situation then they should be given the appropriate first aid treatment which may include medication. However, remain aware of the potential dangers of reactions to drugs and try to get them to medical help as soon as possible.

2. Social Issues
Relationships with People in Visited Communities
Be aware that it is taboo in some of the communities
we visit to conduct an intimate relationship with a local person. If you find yourself in a situation where a relationship with a local could develop, seek the advice of your group leader / guide who will find out, with the assistance of other locals, the correct courting process! Failure to do so could lead to compromising the credibility of future Earthbound Expeditions trips, not to mention the heavy fines levied in some communities, while in others it can be punishable by serious injury. Be aware too that the well-being, social standing and reputation of the recipient of a foreigner's attention can be seriously affected within their local communities. Homosexual relationships have gained much wider acceptance in Western communities in recent years. Be aware, however, that this is not the case in some parts of Asia and if a local is found to be engaging in a homosexual relationship they could be totally outcast or shunned by their families and community or worse.

Prostitution
The prevalence of prostitution is an unfortunate element of Asia today and it is an aspect that Earthbound Expeditions want to have no part of in running our trips. The philosophy of Earthbound is one of mutual respect towards everyone we deal with and in particular the local people who make the region as special as it is. The use of prostitutes is completely contrary to this philosophy and we are strongly opposed to any of our travellers visiting prostitutes while in Asia.

While there is a risk of contracting HIV and sexually transmitted diseases, there are other wider social implications. Unlike prostitutes in some developed countries, many Asian women are not prostitutes of their own free will but are in fact bonded labour. They may have been lured into employment in the city and end up imprisoned in brothels. Many face condemnation and being ostracised by their communities and may not be able to return, while many more end up with drug problems and become infected with HIV or other STDs. On this basis we strongly condemn any person who supports prostitution in Asia. It is not an acceptable excuse to say that it is 'part of the culture'.

Child prostitution or sex tourism is an abhorrent and illegal act that we strongly condemn. Any incidences of this will be reported to the local and international authorities, who have links with Interpol and will ensure that the person involved will be questioned - and if appropriate - charged.

Donations & Gift Giving
This is a difficult issue for many travellers who want to assist the local communities but are unaware of the larger implications. There are many ways in which you can have a positive input into the communities that you visit:

Appropriate Donations
Earthbound Expeditions supports a number of local projects and charities. Visit the Responsible Travel section of our website or ask your tour leader / guide about making a donation. We collect clothing, first aid items, stationery and children's books and ensure that they go directly the requested charity or project.

Beggars
Do not give to begging children / adults as it reinforces that begging is an acceptable way to make a living for these children. It is best to follow the guidelines set by local people in how they treat beggars in their community e.g. in many places it is considered acceptable to give to the elderly and disabled as there is no social security or other way these people can earn money. Buddhists and Hindus believe giving to beggars will earn them 'merit'. Your tour leader can advise you further on this.

Ways not to give!
Giving money and goods away at random to individuals accentuates an unequal relationship between locals and visitors, with tourists being seen as purely 'money givers'. It also strips self esteem away from people when they get money for simply being poor rather than having to solve their own issues of poverty through community action. We also need to be careful not to pay for acts of kindness in monetary terms (eg. paying kids for photographs). We do not want to encourage the development of a society that equates every human action as a potential money making scheme.

Do not give sweets to children in the villages that we visit. Local people do not have access to dentists, nor can they afford them and again there is the issue of turning children into beggars. Pens, toothbrushes, clothing or other perhaps 'worthwhile' items are best distributed via a local charity, school teacher or community leader.

Avoid feeling that you necessarily have to give 'material' things. The best giving can sometimes be shared interactions like a smile, joke, sing-song, dance or playing a game. Giving something of your friendship, time and interest to interact with locals can be the best gift of all.

Shopping & Dining
Please refuse to buy any souvenirs, food or products made from local wildlife - this includes snake-wine, bear, bats,Tigers,monkey, frogs, turtles and sea horses. Though a local delicacy, both bears and frogs, for example, are highly endangered and we should not encourage their demise. Where possible avoid restaurants that make a feature of wild endangered animal species on their menus. If you see an abuse of animals or wildlife, report this to the concerned places. Alternatively, advise your tour guide who will refer it to an appropriate organisation who can best handle it e.g. WSPA – the World Society for the Protection of Animals, TRAFFIC - the wildlife trade monitoring program of the World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF) and the World Conservation Union (IUCN).

Supporting Local Communities
While there are human rights abuses all over Asia some places are far worse than others. Do what you can to not support the oppressors or perpetrators of the abuses. Learn as much as you can about what is happening in the country you will be visiting. Buffalo plans its activities so as not to financially support regimes that inflict violence on the general population. Occasionally though, there may be instances where our activities are supporting a regime. In that case you should weigh up the advantages to the people over the disadvantages of supporting the regime.

Earthbound Expeditions support Amnesty International for their work to prevent serious human rights violations. Amnesty International campaigns to free prisoners of conscience, achieve fair trials and lobby governments to change unfair laws and unjust attitudes. They have helped to increase public awareness of political imprisonment, torture and the death penalty throughout the world and have helped improve mechanisms for human rights protection. Have a look at their country reports for the human rights situation in the country you will visit. Be very discreet if you print these out and carry them in-country!

Earthbpound Expeditions is very actively involved in supporting local communities, with a range of initiatives and touring options you can become involved with. Projects that you can visit or volunteer with Medical Treks, volunteer in the village, orphange house stay and the Project with Disabled Children.

3. The Environment
Environmental Responsibility & Waste Minimisation
In south Asia, the enormous economic growth of the region has been at the cost of the environment. Analysts are only now beginning to recognise the extent of the damage and the true cost to the environment and the welfare of its inhabitants.( Melting ICe in the Himalayas too!!) Debris-choked waterways, open sewers, excessive air pollution and plastic littering the streets are an obvious result of unrestrained economic growth. We don't want our presence in Asia to add to this problem and need to minimise our impact on the places by practising waste minimisation initiatives whilst on holiday. We can also assist our Asian hosts in making informed decisions in developing social and environmental programs that will benefit future generations.

We are looking to adopt preventative actions on our trips by adopting practises that are commonly recognised as the three R's: Reduce, Reuse, Recycle.

Rubbish
Try not to use plastic covered or wrapped foods when fresh options are available. The disposal of plastic and styrofoam is a major problem in south Asia, and the more we can do to reduce its use the better. Buy in local markets where little packaging is used, the food is fresh and the money is benefiting the local producers. Take your own bags with you when shopping - "say no to plastic".

Whenever we are away from towns or cities we must not leave any rubbish we take in with us. Tampons and sanitary pads should be taken out of the area and disposed of appropriately. Pick up any rubbish that you see left behind by other travellers, so that we leave a place cleaner than we found it.

Organic waste such as food scraps should not be dispersed or buried in national parks and other protected areas. This practise may introduce exotic seeds and is not the natural diet of the native animals. Take it out with you again. You guide will advise you in this regard.

Drinking Water
Bottled water is for sale in much of Asia and also in trekking, but unfortunately there are few facilities for recycling the bottles. Actively try to reduce the 'consumption' of plastic bottles by using alternatives. Your options are:

  • in hotels ask if you can refill your bottle with purified water for free or for a small fee
  • In Trek bring your own water filter, water purification tablets or iodine to purify drinking water. 2% tincture of iodine is used at 4 drops/litre of water and leave for at least 30 minutes, 1 hour if very cold water. Povidine-iodine solution can be used in the same proportion and left for 1 hour.

Toilet Facilities
When trekking or in remote areas use the toilet facilities that are provided. If none are established, find out a suitable place which is at least 50m away from water sources and people's homes. Bury faecal matter, carry toilet paper in a plastic bag for appropriate disposal later, or burn it. On all regular trekking routes most homestays will have an established set toilet for the group.

Energy & Water Conservation
Be prudent with fuel and water. Pollution, greenhouse gases and other problems of fossil fuel use are escalating as developing countries strive towards having modern Western appliances, vehicles and production methods. Clean water supplies are diminishing. Some ways to cut energy consumption:

  • Air-con in hotel rooms: don't use unnecessarily or leave on when out of the room. Turn down to 'fan only' or off overnight. This is better for avoiding sore throats and colds too!
  • Air-con vehicles: short journeys are easily managed with windows open
  • A cold shower may be more refreshing than hot in the tropics. Avoid hot showers where the water is being heated with cut timber or other non-sustainable methods
  • An empty room does not need light. Many newer hotels have the key tag socket systems that prevent this
  • Walk, cycle or use human powered rickshaws for sight seeing. Avoid taxis when there is a fuel free or shared transport option like a public bus

Environmental Degradation
On treks, use existing tracks and stay on them. This is especially important during the wet season because it is all too easy to create new tracks in order to get a better footing. If people don't adhere to this, the trail soon becomes a series of footpaths that turns into erosion gullies. This impacts on the vegetation as branches are reached for as handholds, broken off, and added to the topsoil that has been dislodged to silt up the waterways.

Snorkelling – remember that touching coral formations can hinder their growth. Coral cuts can easily become nasty infections too. Do not take any coral or shells, as even though they may be dead, it encourages locals to think that they are desirable souvenirs and that there's a market in these items. Stick with the "Take only photos, leave only footprints" adage but add sensitivity into the equation!

Limestone caves – do not touch formations, as natural body oils from the fingers hinder the formations' growth and will discolour the limestone.

Fires – reduce deforestation by avoiding unnecessary use of scarce firewood. Fuel stoves should be used for cooking on camping trips and we do our best to choose accommodation that uses kerosene, gas or fuel-efficient firewood stoves. Put on warmer clothes rather than stoking a wood fire for warmth. Avoid lighting fires on those beautiful white sand beaches - the charcoal works its way through the sand, which in time ends up not so beautiful. Bonfires are not to be encouraged.

Soap – On treks when you need to bathe in streams or lakes try to forget about soap for a few days and harmonise with nature! A soapless bathe will still remove sweat! A nail brush and flannel may help! Conventional body soap and shampoo are degradable but it takes time for them to break down and in the interim they may be contaminating water quality for people downstream. The bigger problem is actually products like washing powders which contain cleaning agents that will damage the soil and vegetation if not disposed of in a controlled manner. While it might seem difficult using no soap when the locals have their big bags of Omo on the riverbank, it is important that we don't add to the problem, as we are visitors and are an additional 'load' on the eco-system.

Wildlife
When visiting national parks or reserves where you will be in contact with wildlife, please ensure that you follow the appropriate park regulations that ensure that wildlife is protected. Respect this even if you observe that other tourists don't. Don't respond to local rangers offering to bend the rules for tourists. Sometimes local people will try and sell protected species to foreigners. While you wish to do this so that you can set the animal free, this actually can be a money making scam for locals and it is a better policy to refuse to pay money and encourage the local to release the animal. When they realise there is no demand for the animal then the practise may eventually stop.

Feedback
In your feedback form at the end of your trip we request that you tell us how we performed with regard to Responsible Travel issues. It's very important to us and bringing it to prominence in your mind is also a priority for us. Alternatively – email us.